Updated: February 4, 2024
The katana is a type of Japanese sword known for its distinctive curved blade and long handle. Katanas have been used by samurai warriors since the 15th century and are still used today in martial arts and ceremonial practices. To understand the katana, it is important to know the parts of the sword and their purpose.
The blade of the katana is composed of three parts. The first part is the habaki, which is a metal collar that helps secure the blade in the scabbard. The second part is the nakago, which is a peg that fits into the handle of the sword and helps to hold it in place. The third part is the hamon, which is a pattern that is formed on the blade due to the heat-treating process.
The handle of the katana is called the tsuka and is typically made of wood. The handle is wrapped in a material called tsuka-ito, which is usually silk or leather. The handle also has two metal parts, the menuki and the fuchi. The menuki is a decorative metal ornament on the handle, while the fuchi is a metal ring that helps to keep the handle in place.
The last part of the katana is the scabbard, which is called a saya. The saya is usually made of wood and is covered with a lacquered finish. It is used to protect the blade and also serves as a way to carry the sword.
The katana is a beautiful and iconic weapon that has been used in Japan for centuries. Knowing the parts of the katana will help you better understand the sword and its history.