Updated: February 6, 2024
The katana is a type of Japanese sword that has a long and storied history. It is a single-edged, curved blade that has become an icon of Japanese culture around the world. The katana is composed of several parts, each of which has its own purpose and importance.
The most visible part of a katana is the blade. It is usually made of high-carbon steel and is sharpened on one edge. The blade of a katana is usually around 70 cm long and is curved, allowing it to be used to slash and cut. The blade is divided into three parts: the kissaki (point), the shinogi-ji (ridge line), and the ha (edge).
The tsuka is the handle of the katana and is usually made of wood. It is wrapped in a special type of material called same (ray skin) and is secured with two pieces of metal called menuki. The tsuka also contains the tsuba, a metal guard that protects the user’s hands from slipping onto the blade.
The saya is the sheath of the katana and is usually made of wood. It is often decorated with metal fittings and has a cord called a sageo, which is used to tie the saya to the user’s belt. The saya also contains the koiguchi, a metal cap that fits over the end of the blade and keeps it from sliding out of the saya.
The katana is a complex weapon that has been used for centuries in Japan. It is composed of several parts, each of which has its own purpose and importance. Understanding the different parts of a katana is essential for anyone who wants to learn more about this iconic weapon.