Updated: February 7, 2024
Katana is a traditional Japanese sword that has been used by the samurai since the Muromachi period. It is characterized by a curved, single-edged blade with a circular or squared guard and long grip to accommodate two hands. The parts of a katana are made up of various components, each of which contributes to the sword’s strength and beauty.
The blade is the most important part of a katana and is usually made of high carbon steel. It is forged in a process called “yaki-ire”, which involves repeatedly heating and hammering the steel to create a strong and sharp edge. The blade is then polished and sharpened using a variety of techniques. The tang of the blade, which is the part that is hidden inside the handle, is also an important part of a katana.
The tsuba is the guard of the katana and is usually made of iron or brass. It helps protect the user’s hands from the blade and also adds a decorative element to the sword. The tsuka is the handle of the katana and is usually made of wood or bamboo. It is wrapped with a special type of cloth called samegawa and then secured with two pieces of metal called mekugi.
The saya is the scabbard of the katana and is usually made of wood and lacquered with a black or brown finish. The kurigata is a hole in the scabbard that is used to secure the sword with a cord. The koiguchi is the mouth of the scabbard and is usually made of buffalo horn. The kojiri is the end of the scabbard and is also made of buffalo horn.
These are the main parts of a katana. Each part contributes to the overall strength and beauty of the sword. With proper care and maintenance, a katana can last for generations.